Banana is an herbaceous plant of the genus Musa. The fruit is an important staple food throughout the world and is commercially grown in more than 100 countries. Banana production is divided into two main categories: banana, sweet fruit that is eaten raw, and plantain, which is used for cooking and processing.

More than 10 million hectares are cultivated worldwide, with the largest producers being India, followed by Brazil and China. Although banana is grown in a large variety of climates, optimal climatic conditions for banana cultivation are temperatures averaging 27°C with 60% humidity and winds not stronger than 4 m/ sec.

Due to its large leaf area and vigorous growth, the banana is a heavy consumer of water. Water deficits badly affect crop growth and yields.

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