Coffee culture, which up until now has remained traditional and conservative with regards to innovative technologies, is finally accepting the benefits of irrigation. Several studies clearly show how coffee productivity is severely affected by long-term water shortage, especially during the critical stages of flowering and fruit set.

In the central-southern region of Brazil, the shortage of water during fruit development between October and December delays the growth of the fruit. This reduces productivity because the inferior fruit is unsuitable for marketing. The final size of the bean is entirely dependant on the amount of precipitation between weeks 10 and 17 after flowering; the period during which the bean grows fastest.

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