Oil Palm

Oil palm is commonly grown in tropical areas where rain is abundant throughout the entire year. In areas where rain doesn’t meet the water demands, production can be negatively effected. In such cases, water deficit should be supplemented with irrigation.

Oil palm requires adequate irrigation, as it is a fast growing crop with high productivity and biomass production.
Annual water requirement is in the range of 1300mm
Mature plantations, during peak summer, the daily requirement may go up to 300-350 liters/tree.

  • The main species of oil palm cultivated today is Elaeis guineensis. It is native to west Africa.
  • Today palm is grown in the tropical regions of West Africa, Central and South America, and Asia.
  • Oil palm is considered a highly efficient crop in terms of oil production and energy balance.
  • Fruit yields range from 10-30 tons/ha depending on local conditions and agricultural practices
  • Oil palm is mainly used for:
    1. Cooking oil and margarine
    2. Oil for the cosmetic industry
    3. Industrial oil
    4. Oil for the production of bio-diesel
    5. Residues of the oil extraction are used for the alimentation of livestock or as fertilizer and mulch.

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